The Coins And Currency Diaries
Essential pointsBitcoin is an electronic currency known as a cryptocurrencyThe peer-to-peer technology underpinning it's known as the blockchain a people ledger of transactionsBitcoins can be stored in a digital wallet and used to buy other currencies or actual world goods
Where once a single bitcoin was worth a few cents it is now worth about $9,200 per coin (November 2017), creating millionaires in the process.There have been many reported instances where individuals mined thousands of relatively useless bitcoins as a hobby years ago, only to now realise they're rich.One IT worker even threw out a hard drive containing 7,500 bitcoins.
All this is done without a central authority or bank.Who created itBitcoin and also the blockchain technology was made by someone under the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto and released as a working beta in 2009. Satoshi's true identity remains a mystery as he vanished from the scene in 2010 after seemingly handing over the reins into Gavin Andresen, the chief scientist in the Bitcoin Foundation.Over the years numerous individuals have claimed to be Satoshi, including Australian computer scientist Craig Wright.
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If the web site gets hacked or someone gets your login information they can get and drain your funds from the exchange.There is no way for a transaction to be reversed or recovered if a burglar sends your bitcoins for their wallet.After buying your coins you should transfer them into a secure digital wallet created by you and not go to these guys hosted online.You can even write down the wallet's private key on a piece of paper (this is known as a paper wallet) and stick it in a safe.If you don't store the private key on your pc or online then recipients can never break in and get your funds.
Bitcoin means different things to different people. For some, it is a future of freely moving currency untied to any central bank. To others, it is a purely electronic entity of questionable value and doubtful origin. But what's Bitcoin, in the most elementary senseIn most casual conversations, you can get away with knowing that bitcoin is, essentially, an electronic currency.
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In reality, it is two considerably more complicated things.Bitcoin has been with us since 2009, when a person (or group) under the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto introduced a stage (Bitcoin, uppercase) that hosts a digital currency (bitcoin, lowercase). Bitcoin the stage is built on the concept of proof of work information which is expensive and time-intensive to produce but can be easily verified.
To mine a bitcoin, a computer has to complete a complicated algorithm, essentially going through the work of an extensive calculation in exchange for some newly minted currency. That piece of electronic currency is worth whatever the market determines through distribution and demand.Transactions are connected to some users Bitcoin address, which is stored on its general ledger, called the blockchain.